Electricity and Appliances

A man looks at his energy smart meter in the kitchen with his kettle in the background.

There are plenty of opportunities around the home to save money on our electricity bills and create a more energy efficient home.

Have you tried any of these energy saving ideas? 


Close up of hands unscrewing a lightbulb from an overhead light

About 15% of our electricity goes towards lighting our home. Don’t worry – we don’t have to leave ourselves in the dark to start saving energy.

Turning off lights

close up of hand turning off light switch

Start with an easy win: if nobody is using the room, then turn the lights off. There’s no downside to this one, and it should save you at least £20 a year. 

Use the right lights 

If you’ve got several lights in a room, you might not need them all on at the same time. If the lamps are on, try turning off the overhead light. Is it possible to get a good level of brightness without having all the lights on at once? 

You can also match your light level to whatever activity you’re doing. If you’re watching TV, you might only need a low background light. If you’re reading, it’s more likely you’ll want a bright, direct light.  

Replace bulbs with LEDs 

The first energy efficient lightbulbs were around 70-80% efficient. They were much better value for money than traditional lightbulbs, but they took a long time to get to full brightness.  

Luckily, energy efficient lights have moved on. We now have LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) which reach full brightness as soon as you flick the switch. These use 90% less energy than old incandescent bulbs, and about 50% less than older energy saving bulbs.     

Next time one of your bulbs go, why not try out an LED? The Energy Saving Trust have made a handy table for choosing the right : 

Traditional bulbLED/CFL bulb
15 watt140 lumen
25 watt250 lumen
40 watt470 lumen
60 watt800 lumen
75 watt1,050 lumen
100 watt1,520 lumen


Lady in her kitchen adjusting the temperature on her oven

Whatever equipment you have in your kitchen, there are some easy switches you can make to save money.

The oven 

We often pre-heat the oven whilst we’re doing something else, like watching TV. If we’re distracted, the oven can reach the correct temperature and sit empty.  

Some ovens have an alarm which lets you know when the oven has pre-heated. Use this if you can.  

If your oven doesn’t have an alarm, make sure you regularly go through to check the temperature. You should start to get a sense of how long preheating takes. Then you can start setting your own timer. 

Your oven stays hot for quite a while after it has been turned off. You can use this leftover heat to finish off the last five minutes of your cooking. 

If you have a microwave, try use this instead of the oven. Microwaves use much less energy than ovens. This is because they heat the food directly, not the air around it.  

To compromise, you could partially cook something in the microwave, then transfer it to the oven. Five minutes in the microwave should knock twenty minutes oven-time off your baked potato. 

The hob 

Whether you have an electric or gas hob, you can save energy when cooking by:  

Putting lids on pans 

Putting a lid on a saucepan means the food inside cooks faster. The steam doesn’t escape as quickly, so more of the heat energy stays inside your pan. This means you can turn your hob off sooner, saving you energy. 

Make sure the lid fits properly so you’re keeping in the maximum amount of heat.

Close up of hands placing a lid on a red pan

Matching the pans to the rings 

If you’re using a small pan, make sure you’re also using a smaller hob ring. Heating a small pan on a large ring means a lot of the heat gets lost to the surroundings. Using a small pan on a small ring makes sure that most of the heat is transferred to the pan. 


Home appliances

Our home appliances use energy to run. Here are some energy-saving tips we can use for nearly all appliances:

Very few things around the home need to be left on all the time. Lots of appliances are kept on for longer than they’re needed. If you’re not using something, turning it off will save you energy.

It’s also worth remembering that something is only really “off” when it’s turned off at the wall. Leaving an appliance on standby means it’s still using energy, even if it’s not technically being used.

Getting into the habit of turning devices off at the plug can help you save around £65 a year on your electricity bills.

When your old appliances reach the end of their lives, replace them with more energy-efficient models.

New electrical appliances should come with an energy efficiency rating (EE rating). The higher the rating, the less electricity is wasted. Ratings run from A (most energy efficient) to G (least energy efficient). 

Lots of us have the TV on for background noise. This might be just for ourselves, or it might even be for our pets. If no-one’s watching the TV, why not try switching to the radio? A radio is much cheaper to run but will still provide a comforting level of background noise.

Man adjusting temperature on washing machine, he is a wheelchair user

Wash clothes at a lower temperature

A 30-degree wash will use about 40% less energy than the same wash at 40 degrees. Most modern detergents work just as well at lower temperatures. This means your clothes will come out just as clean after a low temperature wash.

Simply turn the temperature on your machine down to 30 degrees or use the eco setting.

Fill the washing machine

To save further, try and make sure you’ve always got a full load of laundry before putting a wash on. That way, you’ll be making the most of the hot water, electricity, and detergent.

Person kneeling down to fill their disw=hwasher

If you use a dishwasher, then try running it at a lower temperature.

Most eco cycles will run at 50 degrees. They typically use around three litres less water than other cycles. This means you’re heating water to a lower temperature, and you’re heating less of it. That’s a double energy saving, and you’ll still end up with sparkling clean dishes.

To save further, ensure the dishwasher is full before running it. A full load means you’re making the most of the hot water. Just be careful not to overload it or block the arms.

A tumble dryer uses about £1 of electricity an hour, making it one of the most expensive household appliances to run.  

Try to air-dry clothes as much as possible. This might be trickier in winter, as you’ll need to keep a window open to avoid damp. You may be able to partially air-dry the clothes, then put them in the tumble dryer. That way, you won’t have to run the dryer for as long. 

Another option would be to invest in an electric clothes airer. These are much cheaper to run, typically costing about 8.5p per hour.

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